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Elucidating Social Science Concepts: An Interpretivist Guide

The Hidden Costs of Clean Election Reform

Elections for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying


Democracy in Translation: Understanding Politics in an Unfamiliar Culture



"Democracies Across Cultures: The Hegemonic Concept of Democracy has Dissolved, What Happens Now?" (with Jean-Paul Gagnon). Democratic Theory 10,1 (2023): 91-104.

"Two Ways to Compare." In Rethinking Comparison: Innovative Methods for Qualitative Political Inquiry, edited by Erica S. Simmons and Nicholas Rush Smith (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2021). 

"The Not-So-Individual Voter: Patriarchal Control and Familial Hedging in Political Elections around the World.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 35,4 (2014): 349-78.

"Thin Descriptions: The Limits of Survey Research on the Meaning of Democracy." Polity 46,3 (July2014): 303-30.

"Ordinary Language Interviewing." In Interpretation and Method: Empirical Research Methods and the Interpretive Turn, 2nd editionedited by Dvora Yanow and Peregrine Schwartz-Shea (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2014).

"Questions about Causes." Qualitative & Multi-method Research 11,2 (2013): 23-27. Download (pdf) (312.51 KB)

"Discours sur la 'demokaraasi.'" In Communication Wolof et société sénégalaise: Héritage et création edited by Anna M. Diagne, Sascha Kessler, and Christian Meyer (Paris: Harmattan, 2011).

"Is Everyone Else Doing It? Indiana’s Voter Identification Law in International Perspective" (co-authored with Tova Wang).Harvard Law & Policy Review (Summer 2009) 3,2: 397-412. Download (pdf) (101.9 KB)

"¿Qué es la compra de votos?" (co-authored with Andreas Schedler). In Candados, contrapesos y derechos: la protección de los programas, políticas y derechos sociales en México y América Latina (Mexico City: United Nations Development Program, 2009).

"The Definition and Study of Democracy." In Democracy, edited by Michael Saward (New York: Routledge, 2006).

"Vote Buying in East Asia." Global Corruption Report 2004 (Transparency International, 2004).

"Might Cleaning Up Elections Keep People Away from the Polls? Comparative and Historical Perspectives." International Political Science Review (January 2002) 23, 1: 69-84.

"Do you speak politig? Les sens du politique en américain et en wolof." EspacesTemps 76/77 (2001): 139-51.

"Comparer la democracy américaine et la demokaraasi sénégalaise: comment les idéaux variant suivant les cultures."Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée 6,1 (1999): 247-66.



"What Is It We Do When We Ask Questions about Causes?" Political Methodlogy: Committee on Concepts and Methods Working Paper 35, December 2012. Download (pdf) (128.22 KB)

"Thin Descriptions: The Limits of Survey Research on the Meaning of Democracy." Political Concepts: Committee on Concepts and Methods Working Paper 45, November 2010. Download (pdf) (236.67 KB)

"Clean Elections and the Great Unwashed: Educating Voters in the Philippines." Occasional Paper 21, School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, 2005.

"Why Don’t Political Scientists Coin More New Terms?" Political Concepts: Committee on Concepts and Methods Working Paper 7, September 2005.

"What is Vote Buying? The Limits of the Market Model" (coauthored with Andreas Schedler), 2005.



U.S. Supreme Court Amici Curiae Brief: Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, 2007.

International Mission for Iraqi Elections Assessment Team Final Report, 2006.