University of Massachusetts Amherst

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* Received the Best Book Award from the European Politics and Society Section of the APSA, 2014.





  • “What Can We Learn from History?: Competing Approaches to Historical Methodology and the Weberian Alternative of Reflexive Understanding” Polity, 54(4) (October 2022). link

  • “Is the American Public Really Turning Away from Democracy? Backsliding and the Conceptual Challenges of Understanding Public Attitudes. Perspectives on Politics, July 2022 1-12. link

  • “Multi-Method Research and Democratization Studies: Intellectual Bridges Among Islands of  Specialization”Democratization, Vol 26:1 (2018) 97-139).

  • “American Political Development in the Mirror of Europe” in Comparative Area Studies:Methodological Rationales and Cross-Regional Applications, Ariel Ahram, Patrick Köllner, and Rudra Sil eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

  • “The Politics of History and the History of Economic Development" Journal of Politics (Jan 2015) 77.1

  • “Democratization Theory and the Arab Spring" with Giovanni Capoccia , Middle East law and Governance Journal (2014) 6.1: 1-31.

  • "The Existential Threat: Varieties of Socialism and the Origins of Electoral Systems in Early Democracies", Studies in Comparative International Development (June 2013) 48.2: 141-171. Download (pdf) (332.29 KB)

  • “When Multi-Method Research Subverts Methodological Pluralism: Or Why We Still Need Single Method Research” with Rudra Sil, Perspectives on Politics (December 2012)10.4: 935-953. Download (pdf) (332.29 KB)

  • "Revolutionary Blind-Spots: The Politics of Electoral System Choice in the Egyptian Transition" Middle East Law and Governance Journal. 2011. Vol. 3, No. 2.

  • “Reading History Forward: The Origins of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies” Comparative Political Studies Special Issue on The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies. August/September 2010 43: 1059-1088.



  • “The Utility of a Comparative Area Studies framework for Historical Analysis” Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, Vol. 18. No 1.

  • "Rethinking Backsliding: Insights from the Historical Turn in Democratization Studies". Comparative Democratization Newsletter, Fall 2104.

  • "Restoring the Voting Rights Act Will Not Do Enough to Ensure Fair Elections" Policy Brief for the Scholars Strategy Network.January 2014

  • “When Election Rules Undermine Democracy”, Policy brief for the Scholars Strategy Network, April 2013.

  • “Is Multi-Method Research Really Better?” with Rudra Sil, Qualitative and Multi-Method Research Section Newsletter, Fall 2009.



  • When Democracy Divides: The Regime Question in European and American Political Development.  (Book Manuscript)

  • “Continuities of German Political Development: Party Politics and Legislative Coalitions in the Reichstag, 1867-1933” with Stephanie Chan (Article Manuscript)

  • “Crossing the Boundaries of Comparison: Comparative Area Studies and Comparative Historical Analysis” in Ariel Ahram, Patrick Köllner, and Rudra Sil eds., Comparative Area Studies Volume II  (Invited Chapter)

  • “Political Parties and Democracy” in Adam Hilton and Jessica Hejny, eds. Placing Parties in American Political Development  (Invited Chapter)

  • “Our Past, Weimar’s Present: Democracy’s Defense and the Inversion of an Historical Lesson” in Ned Lebow and Ludvig Norman eds. Why Weimar? (Invited Chapter)

  • “Framing Democracy: The Effects of Framing on Support for Contestation and Inclusion” with Stephanie Chan.(Article Manuscript)

  • “Out of this World?: The U.S. in Comparative Analysis” with Fatih Cetin. (Article Manuscript)

  • Democracy in Context: Understanding Public Attitudes about Democracy and Political Change. (Article Manuscript)

  • “The Scholar as Agent of Political Understanding: Reconciling Weber’s Vocational Lectures” (Article Manuscript)

  • Why No Public Political Science? The Epistemological Roots of Disciplinary Disengagement (Article Manuscript)

  • “Disaggregating Democracy: Contradictions and Ambiguities of Political Regimes”. (Article Manuscript)